April 1, 2015
As Kader Sevinç said in her paper for Euractiv , one of the main challenges for our generation is to better conduct the transition toward a transnational world in order to be able to providing solutions in accordance with our expectations and values. EU has difficulties to find solutions, and should deal with institutional and governance efficiency reforms, reaching more transparency and democratic outputs, deepen and widen its market. But we cannot expect such huge changes if our decision makers do not understand the deep necessity of it. For most part of them, they belong to old world that configured their way of thinking. The today’s world is mostly characterized by two new and increasing phenomenons.
The first phenomenon is interdependency. In the old fashioned world it was possible to make a better Europe with a mindmap limited to national interests. But today, our world is affected by what is happening in other locations and time. The nuclear bomb has been the first strong element making people aware they belong to a common world; the liberal economy strengthened this feeling, especially in times of crisis, we can pick up many examples in the current affairs showing a faraway economic event affecting all the world peoples (Fed decisions, Shut Down…). The earth concerns is the most recent element making of the different peoples lives a common future. The last IPCC report –The Physical Science Basis – informs us that humans activity is well at the origin of the global warming and that consequences are everyday more important if we do not change our way of living. So we are in an interdependent world in terms of space and time.
The second phenomenon is complexity. In the old world times things was much easier to figure out as we were dealing with few actors (Heads of States or Governments), having a clear and precise role (protect the country from external threats and keep control on the domestic affairs) in a bipolar world (cold war). The combination of new technologies in a globalized economy reshaped this world. There are many new stakeholders competing at different level with States: just think about international firms, civil society organizations, international criminality, or new international organizations. In a multipolar world where poor countries tend to converge with developed countries, the best way for States to protect its people is to contribute to act for a safer world. In other words, to face global issues as rising inequalities, epidemics, water depletion or illegal migrations, decision-makers cannot act anymore with the means of a traditional foreign policy.
Europe has been at the core of the progressive values that made us proud of our last generations, providing values of freedom, democracy, justice, and citizenship to our societies. But in a world everyday more interdependent and more complex, European Union and Turkey are not mature yet. The Turkish accession process to EU is mired in small ambitions by a lack of strategic vision of our elite. There is a lot to do, Mrs. Sevinç emphasized some of them, and the Turkish accession to EU is not a priority for a better world, but it would be the meaning that a page has turned over, and a generation with that. It is our generation’s responsibility to achieve it.